1.0 Pancheshwar Multipurpose Project and setting up of Pancheshwar Development Authority:
India and Nepal had signed a Treaty known as Mahakali Treaty in February’1996. Implementation of Pancheshwar Multipurpose Project is the centerpiece of the Mahakali Treaty. Required field investigations for the Pancheshwar Multipurpose Project have been completed by a Joint Project Office (JPO-PI) in 2002 (except for some confirmatory tests). But mutually acceptable DPR of Pancheshwar Project could not be finalized due to differences on certain contentious issues.
During the 3rd meeting of Joint Committee on Water Resources (JCWR) held from 29.09.08 to 01-10-08 at Kathmandu (Nepal), it was decided to set up Pancheshwar Development Authority (PDA) at the earliest for the development, execution and operation of Pancheshwar Multipurpose Project.
The constitution of PDA has been notified vide this Ministry’s Office Memorandum No. Z-14012/2/2013-Ganga/2302-14 dated 7th August 2014. For this, see link Notification.
2.0 SaptaKosi High Dam Project and setting up of Project Development Authority to start the pre-construction activities of the Dam.
After exchange of letter of Understanding between the two Governments in June’ 2004, a Joint Project Office (JPO) was set up in August’ 2004 to undertake detailed field investigations for preparation of DPR of SaptaKosi High Dam Project at Barakshetra, in Nepal. The field investigations include the field works of Sunkosi diversion scheme (constructing a dam at Kurule so that the Sunkosi water could be diverted to the Kamla basin through a tunnel) in the scope of work of JPO. In Kamla basin, a dam coupled with a barrage was envisaged and included in the scope of study by the JPO. Because of political instability and frequent strikes/ bandhs in Nepal, the field investigations at SaptaKosi High Dam sites have been delayed.
The tenure of JPO-SKSKI has been extended upto February, 2015 to complete field investigation and preparation of DPR at a revised cost of Rs.104.776 crore.
3.0 Kamla and Bagmati Multipurpose Projects
The JPO-SKSKI has also been entrusted to undertake the feasibility study of Kamla Dam and preliminary study of Bagmati Dam Projects. These studies are in progress.
4.0 Karnali Multipurpose Project and its present status
At present, there is no exchange of views between the two sides.