The Government of India sanctioned a Pilot Scheme for “National Project for Repair, Renovation & Restoration (RRR) of Water Bodies directly linked to Agriculture” in January, 2005 with an estimated cost of Rs.300 crore to be shared by Centre and State in the ratio of 3:1 proposed to be implemented during the X Plan period. The objectives of the Scheme were to restore and augment storage capacities of water bodies, and also to recover and extend their lost irrigation potential. The Scheme has been approved for 26 district projects in 15 States, viz., Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal, Himachal Pradesh, J&K, Gujarat, Kerala and Maharashtra at an estimated cost of Rs.299.92 crore and Central Share of Rs.197.30 crore has been released to the states so far. These projects cover 1098 water bodies with total original culturable command area of 1.72 lakh hectares. After RRR works, an additional irrigation potential of 0.78 lakh hectares is likely to be generated. The physical work for restoration has been completed in 1054 water bodies in 15 states so far. The spillover activities are being continued during the current financial year i.e. 2009-10 in the state of Maharashtra. The irrigation potential created subsequent to pilot scheme is 1.73 lakh ha. approximately.
Government of India approved two schemes on repair, renovation and restoration of water bodies (i) one with external assistance with an outlay of Rs. 1500 crore and (ii) the other with domestic support with an outlay of Rs. 1250 crore for implementation during XI Plan Period. Under the scheme covered by external assistance, the GoI provides assistance to the extent of 25% and borrows necessary funds as loan from World Bank, 75% State share is to be borrowed from the World Bank by Concerned State. Under the scheme with domestic support funding is also in the ratio of 25:75 (Centre: State) for non-special category States and in the ratio of 90:10 for special category States (North Eastern States including Sikkim, HP, Uttarakhand, J&K and undivided Koraput, Bolangir and Kalahandi (KBK) districts of Orissa), drought prone/naxal affected/ tribal areas. These schemes were approved during the end of financial year 2008-09. Public water bodies are covered under the scheme. A budget provision of Rs. 399 crore was kept during 2009-10 for these schemes of RRR of Water Bodies with domestic support/external assistance. While Rs. 190.31 crore has been released under the scheme with external assistance during 2009-10 as per information available in CAAA’s website, a sum of Rs. 146.16 crore has been released under the scheme with domestic support during the year. The scheme of RRR of water bodies includes the comprehensive improvement of Water Bodies, catchment area treatment, command area development and capacity building of stakeholders, increased availability of drinking water. The guidelines for the scheme of RRR of water bodies with domestic support/external assistance have already been circulated to the State Governments. During the year 2010-11, a budget provision of Rs. 600 crore has been kept for meeting the central component of funding under the scheme of RRR of water bodies.
Under the scheme with domestic support, about one lakh water bodies having a CCA of 9 lakh ha. at a cost of Rs. 4,000 crore would be covered. The water bodies with the size of 20 ha - 2000 ha are covered under the scheme with external assistance. The total project cost envisaged under the scheme during XI Plan period is Rs. 6000 crore. The scheme will cover about 23,000 water bodies across the country with a culturable command area of 16.8 lakh hectare.
Under the scheme of RRR of water bodies with external assistance World Bank Loan Agreement has been signed with Tamil Nadu for Rs. 2182 crore to restore 5763 water bodies having a CCA of 4 lakh hectares, with Andhra Pradesh for Rs. 835 crore for restoration of 3000 water bodies with a CCA of 2.5 lakh hectares, with Karnataka for Rs. 268.78 crore for restoration of 1224 water bodies with CCA of 0.52 lakh and with Orissa for Rs.448 crore for restoration of 900 water bodies having CCA of 1.2 lakh hectares.