1. As part of continuous strengthening of the dam safety activities in India,‘Dam Rehabilitation and Improvement Project (DRIP)’ has been taken up with World Bank assistance at an estimated cost of ₹ 2100 Crore. About 225 large dams in four states i.e. Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, Kerala and Tamil Nadu would be rehabilitated under this project. Three more States/Organization (namely Karnataka, Uttaranchal Jal Vidyut Nigam Limited, and Damodar Valley Corporation) have joined DRIP at a later stage, for which a provision of unallocated resources had been provided in the project estimate. The objectives of DRIP are:
2. The objectives of DRIP are to be achieved through investments for physical and technological dam improvements, managerial upgrading of dam operations, management and maintenance, with accompanying institutional reforms. Further, it is expected that the institutional development activities will lead to an improvement in the system‐wide management approach to all dams in the participating states, over and above the focus on the selected dams covered by the project. The project will thus address dam system management in a holistic manner. The project implementation agencies for DRIP are the Water Resources Departments (WRD) of the four participating States and State Electricity Boards of Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Damodar Valley Corporation (DVC) and Uttarkhnad Jal Vidyut Nigam (UJVNL). The overall implementation of the project would be coordinated by Central Water Commission with assistance of a management and engineering consulting firm. The State‐wise numbers of dams covered under DRIP and the estimate of the project cost is summarized in the table below:
|State||No of DRIP dams||Total Project Cost |
|Kerala (WRD & EB)||28||279.98|
|Madhya Pradesh (WRD)||29||314.54|
|Tamil Nadu (WRD & EB)||107||745.49|
|Central Water Commission||132.00|
|WRD: Water Resources Department, EB: Electricity Board, DVC: Damodar Valley Corporation, UJVNL: Uttarakhand Jal Vidyut Nigam Ltd|
3. The funding pattern for the scheme will be 80% from World Bank loan (50% IDA credit and 50% IBRD loan) and 20% from State/Central Government budgetary support. Out of the total estimated cost of Rs. 2100 Crore the share of World Bank, DRIP States and Centre shall be Rs. 1680 Crore, Rs. 393.60 Crore and Rs. 26.40 Crore respectively. Apart from structural and non‐structural measures for rehabilitation and improvement of identified dams, the scope of project includes the development of appropriate institutional mechanisms for safe operation and maintenance of all large dams in participating states. In addition, strengthening of the institutional setup for national level dam safety surveillance and guidance would be taken up in Central Water Commission. The project has become effective from 18th April, 2012 and will be implemented over a period of six‐years.
4. The over progress of DRIP is being monitored by National Level Steering Committee (NLSC). So far, Five meetings of the National Level Steering Committee for Dam Rehabilitation and Improvement Project (DRIP) have been held on 1st May 2015, 29th July, 2015 11th April, 2016, 4th August 2016 and 12th January 2017.
5. Further it is proposed to extend DRIP for a period of two year i.e. upto June 2020 in view of anticipated complexities in some of the important activities of DRIP.
6. The Secretary (MoWR, RD&GR) had invited 23 States to join the proposed DRIP-II In order to cover the all major high dams and to ensure the safety of inhabitants of area specific, it is proposed to cover about 400 large dams to be covered under DRIP-II involving at approximate Cost of Rs. 7000-8000 Crores.